Thursday, August 1, 2013

1307.8194 (Maissam Barkeshli)

Transitions Between Chiral Spin Liquids and Z2 Spin Liquids    [PDF]

Maissam Barkeshli
The Kalmeyer-Laughlin chiral spin liquids (CSL) and the Z2 spin liquids are two of the simplest topologically ordered states. Here I develop a theory of a direct quantum phase transition between them. Each CSL is characterized by an integer n and is topologically equivalent to the 1/2n Laughlin fractional quantum Hall (FQH) state. Depending on the parity of n, the transition from the CSL is either to a "twisted" version of the Z2 spin liquid, the "doubled semion" model, or the conventional Z_2 spin liquid ("toric code"). In the presence of SU(2) spin symmetry, the triplet gap remains open through the transition and only singlet operators acquire algebraic correlations. An essential observation is that the CSL/Laughlin FQH states can be understood in terms of bosonic integer quantum Hall (BIQH) states of Schwinger bosons or vortices, respectively. I propose several novel many-body wave functions that can interpolate through the transition.
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